Indentation densification of fused silica assessed by raman spectroscopy and constitutive finite element analysis
Inelastic deformation of anomalous glasses manifests in shear flow and densification of the glass network; the deformation behavior during indentation testing is linked strongly to both processes. In this paper, the indentation densification field of fused silica is investigated using depth-resolved Raman spectroscopy and finite element simulations. Through affecting the size of the indent, the normal load and the Raman laser spot size determine the spatial sampling resolution, leading to a certain degree of structural averaging. For appropriate combinations of normal load (indent size) and laser spot diameter, a maximum densification of 18.4 % was found at the indent center. The indentation behavior was modelled by extended Drucker-Prager-Cap (DPC) plasticity, assuming a sigmoidal hardening behavior of fused silica with a densification saturation of 21 %. This procedure significantly improved the reproduction of the experimental densification field, yielding a maximum densification of 18.2 % directly below the indenter tip. The degree of densification was found to be strongly linked to the hydrostatic pressure limit below the indenter in accordance to Johnson’s expanding cavity model (J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 18 (1970) 115).